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7 Companies Ironing Out LFP Technology

Each of these companies is working toward early use of lithium iron phosphate (LFP) battery packs.

Jake Hertz

January 3, 2024

7 Slides

Lithium iron phosphate (LFP) batteries, a type of lithium-ion battery, are gaining prominence in the field of energy storage, particularly in the electric vehicle industry.

Unlike conventional lithium-ion batteries, LFP batteries use lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4) as the cathode material, typically paired with a graphite anode. Otherwise, the fundamental working principle of LFP batteries is similar to that of other lithium-ion batteries. They function based on the movement of lithium ions between the cathode and anode during charge and discharge cycles. When charging, lithium ions move from the cathode to the anode and are stored in the graphite. During discharge, these ions travel back to the cathode, releasing electrical energy that powers devices or vehicles.

What sets LFP batteries apart is the use of lithium iron phosphate in the cathode. This material provides a stable crystal structure, which enhances the safety and longevity of the batteries. The phosphate-based cathode material is less prone to overheating and is more thermally and chemically stable than the oxides used in other lithium-ion batteries. This stability reduces the risk of thermal runaway, a situation where batteries can overheat and potentially catch fire.

Affordability is another key advantage of LFP batteries. Unlike many other lithium-ion batteries, LFPs do not rely on cobalt, a costly and ethically contentious material. Instead, they utilize more abundant and cheaper materials like iron and phosphate, which lowers production costs. This cost-effectiveness is complemented by environmental considerations. The materials used in LFP batteries are less harmful to the environment compared to heavy metals like nickel and cobalt, aligning with the growing emphasis on sustainable technologies.

Related:CATL Plans Europe LFP Battery Plant with Stellantis

In this piece, we’ll take a look at seven companies that have their sights set on developing or using LFP battery technology. Read on to learn about 7 companies that are turning toward LFP technology.

About the Author(s)

Jake Hertz

Jake Hertz is an Electrical Engineer, Technical Writer, and Public Relations Specialist. After he received his M.S. and B.S. in Electrical and Computer Engineering from the University of Rochester, he spent three years working as an Electrical Engineer at MakerBot Industries. 

As a writer, Jake is well known for his frequent contributions to various engineering websites, where he has garnered readership in the tens of thousands. Through his business, NanoHertz Solutions, Jake works with cutting-edge companies in the hardware and semiconductor space to build industry buzz and awareness through Public Relations and Technical Writing services.

As an engineer, Jake now works with numerous startups to help develop their hardware products. He is also a Co-Founder of Origin Labs, a NYC-based design firm for tech startups in the hardware space.

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